The legal authority and operating control of the institution are clearly defined for the following areas within the institution’s governance structure: Institution's Mission.
Prairie View A&M University was created by Act of the15th Legislature in Texas on August 14, 1876, which provided for “an Agricultural and Mechanical College for the benefit of colored youths.” It was placed “under the supervision of the Agricultural and Mechanical College established at Bryan in 1871," now known as Texas A&M University  . As noted in Section 87.101 of the Texas Education Code, Prairie View A&M University is a coeducational state institution of higher education located in Waller County . It is a general academic teaching institution of The Texas A&M University System. Section 87.102 states: "The university is under the control and supervision of the board of directors of The Texas A & M University System. The board has the same powers and duties with respect to this university as are conferred on it by statute with respect to Texas A&M University .
Texas Education Code (TEC) 61.0511 requires that each institution of higher education develop a statement regarding the role and mission of the institution reflecting the three missions of higher education: teaching, research, and public service . TEC 61.051(e)  directs the THECB to review the Mission Statements and Tables of Programs of public institutions of higher education across the state. As a member of the Texas A&M University System, the mission is approved by the Board of Regents in accordance with the Texas A&M University System Policy 03.02.01 . The statement or modifications are submitted to the Chancellor and to the Board for approval . Board of Regents' approved mission statements and modifications also require approval by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Review takes place once every four years and "involve[s] the chairperson of the institution's board of regents" . The responsibilities of governing boards is explained in TEC 51.352 . Specifically, the board is to "insist on clarity of focus and mission of each institution under its governance" and "establish, for each institution under its control and management, goals consistent with the role and mission of the institution" .
Under Section 87.104 of the Texas Education Code, Prairie View A&M University is a land-grant institution of higher learning additionally “designated as a statewide special purpose institution of higher education for instruction, research, and public service programs” including outreach to students of varied backgrounds, development of Texas communities, and development of local business enterprises . The University mission statement  therefore reinforces these three areas as well as the Core Values established in Policy 03.01 of the Texas A&M University System .